Phân biệt cách sử dụng: 才【cái】 và 就 【jiù】

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The usages of adverbs 才【cái】and 就【jiù】often confuse the Chinese beginners or foreigners when learning Mandarin Chinese grammar. If you are a new teacher, here step-by-step lesson plans for teaching mandarin: how-to teach the differences between them.

Lesson plans for teaching mandarin: What is covered in this lesson

Step-by-step how-to teach the differences between 才【cái】and 就【jiù】:

1. Explain the meanings and usages of adverbs 才【cái】and 就【jiù】with examples.

2. Give the similar examples of 才【cái】and 就【jiù】to explain the different meanings, including when 才【cái】is used with 就【jiù】in the sentence and compared with the sentence that only uses 才【cái】.

I.Explain the meanings and usages of adverbs 才【cái】and 就【jiù】with examples

a. 才【cái=only, just, not until】is used to express when something happened later than expected.

Example:

Yesterday he just went to sleep at 11.30pm.

Yesterday he only went to sleep at 11.30pm.

Yesterday he didn’t go to sleep until 11.30pm.

Subject + Time + cái + Verb

他 【tā=he】 + 昨晚【zuówǎn=yester evening】 十一【shíyī=eleven】 点【diǎn=hour】 半【bàn=half】 + 才【cái=not until, just, only】 + 睡觉【shuìjiào=sleep】。

他 昨晚 十一 点 半 才 睡觉。

Here the action has been completed sooner than expected.

b. 就【jiù=already】is used to express when something happened earlier than expected.

Example:

Yesterday he already slept at 8.00pm.

Subject + Time + 就【jiù】+ Verb + 了【le】

他【tā=he】 + 昨晚【zuówǎn=yester evening】 8【bā】 点【diǎn=o’clock】 + 就【jiù=already】 + 睡觉【shuìjiào=sleep】 + 了【le】。

他 昨晚 8点 就 睡觉 了。

Here the action has been completed earlier than expected.

c. 才【cái】can be used with 就【jiù】in the sentence. Here 才【cái=just, only】is placed before Time and the meaning is “it’s early”.

Example:

It’s only 5.30am now, she already went to work.

Adverb of Time + 才【cái+ Time + Subject + 就【jiù+ Verb + 了【le

现在【xiànzài=now】+ 才【cái=only】 + 五【wǔ=five】 点【diǎn=hour】 半【bàn=half】,+ 她【tā=she】+ 就【jiù=already】+ 上班【shàngbān=go to work】 + 了【le】。

现在 五 点 半,她 上班 了。

II. Give the similar examples of 才【cái】and 就【jiù】to explain the different meanings

a. The similar examples of 才【cái】and 就【jiù】

Example 1: (later than expected)

He just came at 7 o’clock.

He only came at 7 o’clock.

He didn’t come until at 7 o’clock.

他【tā=he】 7【qī】 点【diǎn=o’clock】 才【cái=only, just, not until】 来【lái=come】。

他 7点 才 来。

Example 2: (earlier than expected)

He already came at 7 o’clock.

他【tā=he】 7【qī】 点【diǎn=o’clock】 就【jiù=already】 来【lái=come】 了【le】。

他 7 点 就 来 了。

b. The similar examples of 才【cái】and 就【jiù】

Example 1: (later than expected)

Today she just got in to school at 9.45am

她 【tā=she】 今天【jīntiān=today】 上午【shàngwǔ=morning】9【jiǔ】 点 【diǎn=hour】 45【sìshíwǔ】 分【fēn=minute】 才【cái】 到【dào=arrive】 学校【xuéxiào=school】。

她 今天 上午 9 点45分 才 到 学校。

Example 2: (earlier than expected)

She already got in to the school at 6 o’clock this morning.

她【tā=she】 今天【jīntiān=today】 上午【shàngwǔ=morning】 6【liù】 点【diǎn=o’clock】 就【jiù=already】 到【dào=arrive】 学校【xuéxiào=school】 了【le】。

她 今天 上午 6 点 就 到 学校 了。

When 就【jiù】is used, 了【le】is often needed at the end of sentence to convey a sense of completion whereas 才【cái】does not.

Example 1:

他 7 点 来。

他 7 点

Example 2:

她 今天 上午 6 点 到 学校

她 今天 上午 9点 到 学校。

c. The similar examples of 才【cái】and 就【jiù】when 才【cái】is used with 就【jiù】in the sentence and compared with the sentence that only uses 才【cái】.

Example 1:

He has only studied a half year of English, but he already speaks very well.

他【tā=he】 【cái=only, just】 学【xué=study】 了【le】 半【bàn=half】 年【nián=year】 英文【yīngwén=English】, 【jiù=already】 已经【yǐjīng=already】 说【shuō=say】 得【de】 很好【hěnhǎo=very good】了【le】。

学 了 半 年 英文, 已经 说 得 很好了。

Example 2:

He has studied English for ten years, but he only can speak several words.

他【tā=he】 学【xué=study】 了【le】 十【shí=ten】 年【nián=year】 英文【yīngwén=English】, 但是【dànshì=but】 他【tā=he】 【cái=only, just】 会【huì=able, can】 说【shuō=speak】 几【jǐ=several】 句【jù=a measure word for sentences】 话【huà=word】。

他 学 了 十 年 英文,但是 他 会 说 几句话。

Read more: http://www.brighthub.com/education/languages/articles/65077.aspx#ixzz12DsggQRH

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